Ahmed bin Ali Khodja

Dey
Ahmed II
Dey
Pasha
Sultan
Reign1805-1808
PredecessorMustapha II ben Brahim
SuccessorAli III ben Mohammed
BornAhmed ben Ali
Died1808
Algiers
Names
Dey Ahmed II ben Ali Khodja
Regnal name
Ahmed II Dey
Arabicاحمد ابن علي خوجه

Ahmed bin Ali Khodja, also known as Ahmed II was the Dey (Sultan) of Algiers between 1805 and 1808. He came to power after assassinating the previous Dey, Mustapha II and his close friend and associate, Boudjenah with the help of the janissaries of the Odjak of Algiers.[1] The fall of Mustapha, and Ahmed's coming to power resulted in the Odjak's influence severely overinflating and severe instability for the next 10 years. Corruption became rampant in the country, and the Odjak became a sort of ruthless kingmaker council, and forced Ahmed and the next few upcoming Deys to bow to any will they had. Just in the first 30 days of his rule, he looted the property of the Jewish residents of Algiers, and committed several and massacres.[2] His rule was marked with many revolts, from Kabyle tribes, Arab tribes, Darqawiyya Sufis, and even the population of Tlemcen.[3] His unpopularity rapidly increased after sustaining a severe defeat in 1807 by the Tunisians resulting in Tunis losing any sort of Algerian influence, and despite his best efforts to make them happy, the Odjak of Algiers decided to remove him and kill him in 1808 in favor of Ali ben Mohammed, a leader in the Odjak.[4]

References

  1. ^ Isaac Bloch, Tumulary inscriptions of the ancient Jewish cemeteries of Algiers , Paris, Isaac Bloch,1888, p.  103
  2. ^ Playfair, Sir Robert Lambert; Murray (Firm), John (1891). Handbook for Travellers in Algeria and Tunis: Algiers, Oran, Tlemcen, Bougie, Constantine, Tebessa, Biskra, Tunis, Carthage, Etc. J. Murray.
  3. ^ Mercier, Ernest (1891). Histoire de l'Afrique septentrionale (Berbérie) depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à la conquête française (1930) (in French). Ernest Leroux.
  4. ^ Piesse, Louis (1862). Itinéraire historique et descriptif de l'Algérie comprenant le Tell et le Sahara (in French). Hachette.